Jackson of Lincolnshire & India
by Rob Darlington
Of course the Jackson family of which I write had many other homes in addition to the two that I have cited. But they originated in Lincolnshire, made their fortune in India and returned to Lincolnshire as prosperous landowners. The sons became clerics and businessmen and the daughters married well, some to titled families. Descendants in the varied family trees that evolved included some well known names in the fields of medicine, literature and music.
Although much research has produced this Family History, the writer (and collaborators) owe a debt of gratitude to Mary Howard, born in India in 1780, whose Diary provided so many of the names, dates, births, marriages and deaths of her family and her relatives. It is rare for genealogists to have such a valuable contemporary source document on which to build the later details. Mary Howard married George Jackson on 1 October 1896 when she was not quite 16 years old and he was closer to 38 years. Her Diary survived her life in India and her return to England.
The Diary was supplemented in 1911 by one of Mary Howards descendants, George Howard Jackson who wrote to 24 members of the family or associates. He stated that he had recently returned from India where he had taken a deep interest in his family history. He forwarded to each of the 24 a series of documents including the Diary. He asked them all to see if they could shed any new light on what he had found. Much of his documentation and some of his correspondence survives. My wifes cousin, David Morris, inherited much of it when his mother died in 1992 and he has shared with me. Another descendant, Nikki Vine of Somerset, has also worked with me to examine, verify, and enlarge on all of this genealogical cornucopia.
Although one is grateful for so much data on so many branches of a family, the problem of writing an organized and coherent narrative is vastly increased by the breadth and depth of the passing generations. The writer must decide whether to pursue one branch to the present day or to treat each generation in toto as it arrived hoping that the reader will follow the complex picture that develops and spreads both horizontally and vertically. Some family histories ignore all but the main line. Mine DO NOT.
So be prepared to meet the Jackson family and the numerous families into which they married. I do not ignore any trail and thus I make my job, and that of the reader, far more difficult. Hopefully, the charts that I include will assist a reader to find reference points. I will start at the oldest generation and move forward, branch by branch, with the main line which reaches to my wife given the fullest treatment.
In the case of the Jackson family the line will be through William to George to Howard to Susan Rose thence to the Wood family and to my wife Wendy Howard (Wood) Darlington. But the other sons and daughters of George and Mary will be discussed where possible as will their many descendants to the limit of my knowledge.
Throughout the narrative I will refer to Mary Howards diary simply as the Diary and to the 1911 initiative as GHJ.
One of those who replied to GHJ in 1911 said that her grandfather (George) Jackson was from Grantham, Lincolnshire (she thought) who ran away to sea when just 13 or 14 and became a brave and successful sea captain. Another contributor said that he came from near Gainsborough. The Diary said that he was born on 5 January 1760. So until I set out to resolve this difference of source those were the accepted first points of contact with the family.
In genealogy one learns that family records are useful but that dates and names, while often close, are not always completely accurate. So it was that I found the christening of George Jackson in Gainsborough on 17 January 1758. That photocopy, the Parish Register of Gainsborough, is almost unreadable. But it is the correct one for the birth of George.
His father was William and his mother was Susannah Dean. They were married in Gainsborough on 17 Jun 1746. William was a "cobbler". The records in the Mormon Church show that William and Susannah also had three sons, William 1747, John 1755 and Edward 1756, as well as two daughters, Elizabeth christened in 1750 and Charlotte in 1762. I noted in the Parish Register that Edward died one month after his birth.
It was important to learn of the two daughters because the Diary referred to the death in 1823 of the sister of George and called her Mrs. Noble. It also listed the death of Mr. Noble in March 1829 at age 92. If I could show a marriage for one of the two sisters of George to a Mr. Noble born in 1737, I would develop the kind of circumstantial evidence to prove that George Jackson, born 1758 (not 1760) in Gainsborough was the ancestor on which the whole family structure was based.
The rest of the theory fell into place. John Noble was christened in Nettleton, Lincolnshire in April 1737 son of Robert and Tamar Noble. He would have been 92 when he died in 1829. And the IGI showed that John Noble married Elizabeth Jackson on 3 June 1777 in Nettleton. So we can confidently state that the oldest proven ancestors are William Jackson of Gainsborough and his wife Susannah Dean.
Tamar was born Tamar Sympson, daughter of John Sympson and his wife Thamar, and christened in the village of Cadney, not far from Nettleton. She married Robert Noble on 18 May 1725 in Bigby, Lincolnshire, another village in the same area as Nettleton.
And to complete the picture, John Noble was buried in Nettleton on 17 March 1829 at the age of 92.
George Jackson 1758 - 1823.
The Diary claims that George Jackson "ran away to sea when he was just 14 years old". As the youngest in the family and living not too far away from a sea port, that is probably exactly what happened. Ships at that time frequently sailed to China and India where they traded in many goods including tea and porcelain. So it is not surprising that George was next found in India.
He must have been an enterprising sailor to have become a Master (Captain). The Diary shows him with the initials H.E.I.C. which stand for Honourable East India Company. That association has not yet been proven. But there is no doubt that he did command and in so doing acquired a small fortune. When Wendy and I visited the Jackson home in North Reston in the early 1990s we spoke to the then current owner of George Jacksons original estate. He was a busy farmer in the midst of harvest so we did not get to see the house inside or discuss his ownership with him. But his one remark after we identified our connection with George Jackson was to say words to the effect that "Oh yes, didnt he make his money trading in opium or slaves?"
The first documented record of George was found in the India Office section of the British Library in London. It is a True Extract book of all the Marriages, Baptisms and Burials at Calcutta, Bengal for the year 1796. It is very difficult to read but when we viewed the original we could make out two significant entries.
The second entry under marriages reads as follows "October 1, George Jackson Captain in the Country Service Single and Mary Howard Spinster." The next entry is even more difficult to read. It is listed under the baptisms. It states "George, Illegitimate son of George Jackson, Master Mariner ......." That one is dated in January 1796 and is the eighth line from the bottom of the page.
In fact it appears that George had two sons before he married Mary Howard. In her Diary she listed the baptism in 1796 simply as "The infant son of George 28th January". She also noted his death as "George Jackson died Feby. 5 1798 aged 3 years one month and 29 days". There is no indication as to the Mother. The second son born out of wedlock was named James Lewis Jackson. The date of his birth is not known but the Diary lists his death as "James Jackson died the 17th April 1825 on a Sunday". Perhaps the mother of James had the surname Lewis. Bengal Obituary records show his age at death as 25 years 11 months, giving a birth year of 1799, three years after his marriage to Mary!!
Had all this happened in England it is doubtful that the mores of the gentry would have permitted Mary Howard to marry George Jackson. She was well connected in the society of Calcutta.
It is not clear when and why George Jackson decided to return to his native Lincolnshire. It was after the turn of the century. From the Diary we know that his eldest son was born in Calcutta on Monday, 9 September 1800 and the second son on Tuesday 1 September 1802. David Morris believes the family returned to England in 1803.
In May of 1804 George Jackson then purchased the land and manor house at North Reston, about five miles south of the town of Louth.. This is not all that close to Gainsborough where George was born so the choice of purchase may have had other deciding conditions. The land comprised about 800 acres. When Wendy and I visited there in 1993 the manor house appeared to have had additions built on. The photo section contains two views from our visit and the additions seem to have been functional rather than esthetic. We were led to understand that the house was 300 years old.
In the Lincolnshire Archives I found an Indenture dated 1859 which I will discuss later when reviewing the life of Howard Jackson, 4th son of George. That Indenture had a "Schedule of Deeds referred to in the Indenture". That Schedule (2 pages) shows that the North Reston lands had changed hands more than once between 1787 and 1804. George Jackson, a resident of Clapton, Middlesex was named as the purchaser and it seems that he bought the land from William Hornby who was bankrupt. No price is mentioned, however in 1796 Hornby had undertaken a mortgage for fifteen thousand pounds.
Standing quite near to the manor house was the small church of St. Edith. Some views of it are also in the photo section. The granting of "The Living" belonged to the lord of the manor and we will see later how the Jackson family kept the "Living" for their sons to a great degree.
Between 1800 and 1816 Mary and George produced nine children (five sons and four daughters) all of whom survived to maturity. In her Diary Mary listed the dates of their births and even added the actual time of the day when each arrived. We will follow the fortunes of each of the nine in turn, leaving that of Howard, from whom my wife Wendy traces, for final treatment.
Unfortunately the Diary does not contain any details of life at North Reston. One section lists the comings and goings of children and relatives some of whom appear to have returned to India. Entries for her son Howard seem to indicate that he was sailing to India on more than one occasion lending credence to the family belief that he was serving the Honourable East India Company.
The final entry for George and Mary was found on the marble plaque on the wall of the church of St. Edith. (See the Photo Section for a picture of this plaque). It reads;
"Sacred to the Memory of George Jackson Esq. of this place who died on the 20th April 1823 age 65 years leaving a Widow and nine children
Mary Jackson who died in London March 23rd 1858 aged 78 years very endeared to her children and loved by all".
Marys entry in her Diary is somewhat more cryptic. She wrote "My beloved husband died in a fit the 20th April about 1 oclock in the morning 1823, Sunday".
Mary (Howard) Jackson 1780 - 1858
The origins of Mary provide an interesting background to the Jackson saga. She was the daughter of Elizabeth Mitford. Elizabeth Mitford had married William Ayres, a solicitor from Somerset and shown as a cousin to Elizabeth in one of the 1911 letters to GHJ. I believe they actually married in Somerset. They went to Calcutta, India where they had three children, William 1771, Hannah 1772 and Sally 1777.
We do not know what happened to William. Hannah first married William Myers in 1787 then J. Ellerton (senior) in 1818. Her daughter Elizabeth Myers, born 1789, married Daniel Corrie in 1812. He was Archdeacon of Calcutta 1823-1835 and later Bishop of Madras from 1835 until his death on 5 February 1837. A book exists called "Daniel Corrie His Family and Friends" written by Angus Macnaghten. In it is a quote from a letter written by Elizabeth Myers in 1805 and which refers to her favourite uncle, William John Howard. For that quote please see his entry later in this narrative. There is nothing further on the third child Sally. The Corrie name will appear again as we trace later generations of Jacksons.
When William Ayres died Elizabeth Mitford then married William Howard, another Calcutta solicitor. There were six children by this second marriage. Readers will find that the name "Howard" permeates every generation of various branches of the family down to my own wifes second forename. (It sufficiently confused the clerk in Victoria, Canada in 1931 so that he registered her as a boy).
Because these Howard children were often mentioned in the Diary and some of them became part of the later Jackson history, I will document their names, marriages and children to the extent that we know.
Catherine (Kitty) Howard 1779 - 1851
The Diary is quite clear as to the birth date of this first child; 22 February 1779. It is also quite clear as to her marriage date; "George Monat Keith and Kitty Howard were married May 1st 1793". So she was just 14 years old when she became a bride and just 15 years old when she had her first child. (Readers will see that her sisters followed the same pattern of early marriage).
George Keith was later Knighted although I have no information as to the Order of Knighthood into which he was accepted. He may have been a civil servant. Many of those who reached a certain level of authority were granted knighthoods based on their service to the Crown. We are not sure if his second forename was Monat, Mouat or Mowat; the former being the preference. In any case Kitty Keith would then have become Lady Keith.
Kitty and Sir George had three sons and six daughters between 1794 and 1820.
Elizabeth Keith 1794 - 1798
The Diary provides a birth date of 6 November 1794 and a death date of 8 February 1798.
William Howard Monat Keith 1795 -1818
He was born 19 December 1795 and died on 4 December 1818. The Diary says that he died in Batavia.
John Magnus Keith 1797 - 1798
Born on 10 March 1797, he was still in infancy when he died in April 1798.
Margaret Rebecca Monat Keith 1798 -
She was born on 31 May 1798. The Diary also records her marriage to John Frederick Ellerton on 9 August 1816 at the ripe old age of 17. John Ellerton (junior) was apparently the son of J. Ellerton who we met earlier in this narrative as the second husband of Margarets step aunt Hannah (Ayres) Ellerton. I accidentally discovered a child of Margaret and John in the 1881 census for Charlton, Kent. She was Margaret C. Ellerton, a 59 year old spinster, born in Bengal and living with two Keith aunts.
George Keith 1804 - 1823
His birth date was 15 June 1804 and he died on 20 March 1823. The Diary says that he died in Africa.
Catherine Hannah Keith 1814 - 1848
The Diary provides a birth date of 22 June 1814. The research of GHJ then shows us that she had two marriages. Unfortunately there is some misleading information concerning her first. She married John William Medley in April 1840 in Southwark, London. Mr. Medley died 13 months later, cause unknown, and her second husband was Howard Jackson. GHJ says that Howard married Lady Keith. This is not so. He married the widowed daughter of Lady (Kitty) Keith. Her second marriage will be covered in full when I return to the main line of the Jackson family history.
Cecilia Frances Keith 1816 -1820
Once again a child did not live to maturity. She was born on 19 July 1816 and died on 15 February 1820.
Mary Hannah Keith 1818 - after 1881
This daughter was born on 30 April 1818 but when I next found her in the 1881 census for Charlton, Kent she was listed as a "Lunatic". She was shown as a "Gentlewoman" and living with her younger sister Isabella and niece Margaret Ellerton, all unmarried.
Isabella Anne Keith 1820 - after 1881
Born on 19 February 1820 she is as noted in the description above.
The next child of Elizabeth and William Howard was Mary Howard. But since she is the author of the Diary and the wife of George Jackson we will leave her history and family until after those of her siblings are finished.
Lydia Elizabeth Howard 1782 -
Her birth date is shown as 22 May 1782 in the Diary. If the Diary is to be believed, and we have no reason to doubt it, this next daughter was married on 18 April 1796 at the ripe old age of 13 years and 11 months!! Her husband was Captain John Butler. One notation in the Diary states that John Butler was born 21 August 1767 and we are left to assume that this was the husband of Lydia.
The Butlers had nine children between 1797 and 1811
Peter Butler 1797 - 1854
He was born on 11 October 1797, presumably in Calcutta, and died on 24 August 1854. The Diary does not mention any marriage but Nikki Vine has provided some research results into the Butler family.
Peter married Elizabeth Faddy on 4 February 1828 in Calcutta. She was born on 28 September 1801 and died in Pembroke, Wales on 26 September 1802. The 1881 census for Pembroke found her living with her spinster sister Harriet Faddy, both born in Calcutta.
John Butler 1799 - 1802
Born on 22 June 1799 he died on 3 March 1802.
William Butler 1801 - 1848
Born 31 March 1801. The Diary says that he married Miss Bartholomew on 8 March 1827. Another Diary entry says that "William Butler came here 28 September 1821" and presumably means to North Reston. He died on 30 May 1848.
Lydia Elizabeth Butler 1802 - 1804
Born 24 December 1802 she died on 24 April 1804.
John Butler 1804 -
This second John was born on 21 August 1804. He became a Lieutenant General in the Bengal Army. As well as his marriage to Ann Gunn on 16 November 1824 we have some of their childrens births which were entered in the Diary and others found by Nikki.
Laura Lydia born 25th February 1826. Died 18 September 1842.
Anna Emilia born 3rd June 1827.
John Owen born 30th April 1828. Died 22 January 1871.
George Augustus born 30 March 1830 and died 30 January 1912. I suspect that his birth year was actually 1838 because when I found him in the 1881 census for Heigham, Norfolk he said he was 43 years old. He had married Charlotte Ruth Harding from Balsal, Warwickshire. Their two children, Philip and Cyril were born in Worcester and Norfolk. There were a number of marriages with the Harding family.
Selina born 5 November 1831 and died 4 April 1838.
Thomas Oliver born 26 August 1833 and died 7 April 1834
Emma born 29 April 1836 and died 5 October 1843.
Emily born 20 July 1841.
George Butler 1806 - 1812
Born on 20 April 1806 his short life ended on 4 March 1812.
Pierce Llewellyn Butler 1807 - 1855
He was born on 29 July 1807. He married Elizabeth Webb in Rhoscrowther, Wales. They had six known children;
Martha born 1835 who married George Jones.
Elizabeth born 1837 who married Jonathan Sandwith.
Mary Louise born 1838.
Margaret Emlin born 1840.
John 27 May 1843.
Fanny born 1843.
The Diary records the death of Pierce as follows "Percy Butler departed this life, a fall from his horse in a fit, and died January 1855 aged 48". The Diary does not make it clear whether it was the horse or Percy who had the fit.
Elizabeth Louisa Butler 1809 - 1861
She was born on 1 May 1809 in Calcutta. Her marriage to the Reverend Captain Francis Candy took place on 4 January 1825 in Calcutta. She was 16 years old but like her sisters did not sit on the shelf.
We will meet the Candy family again when I return to the Jackson family so I will provide some background for them. The earliest member was Robert Candy, born 1749 in Fonthill Gifford, Wiltshire and died in 1813. His marriage to Ann Harding was one of many connections with the Harding family. Nikki surmised that the Hardings were from Hindon in Wiltshire but there are also strong indications that they were a Welsh family.
Robert and Ann had four known sons; Francis, Charles, George and Thomas. The first three were all clergymen born in East Knoye, Wiltshire. The youngest, Thomas, held the rank of Major but was listed in the India List as Principal of the Sanskrit College at Poona, India.
Rather than show their marriages and children in this narrative, I have attached a Descendancy Chart of the Candy family as and census returns
Francis Candy died in 1831 having left no children apparently. Elizabeth Louisa then returned to England where she married Henry Harding at St. Lukes, Chelsea on 17 July 1832. By her second marriage the following children were born;
Francis Butler Harding 1833, died 1840. It is interesting to see that this first child was named after her first husband.
Henry John Harding 1834.
Anna Louisa Harding 1835, Died 1913.
Henrietta Jane Harding 1837. Died 1930
Elizabeth Harding 1839. Died 1883.
James William Harding 1841. Married Emily Jane Harding (cousin?). He died in 1921, she in 1895. He then married Mabel Candy.
Prior to his first marriage he was found in the 1881 census for Bawburgh, Norfolk where he was the Vicar of Easton. Thomas Ward Harding 1843. Died in 1853
Lydia Mary Harding 1845. She married another Harding, Walter. She died in 1932, he in 1930. But in 1881 when she was still unmarried she lived with her brother James William and was found in the Bawburgh census as noted above.
Charlotte Ruth Harding 1848. We met her earlier when she was living in Heigham, Norfolk and married to George Augustus Butler. She died in 1931, he in 1912.
George Peter Harding 1851. Died in 1929.
Mark Butler 1811 - 1812
He was born on 6 January 1811 and died on 16 August 1812.
William John Howard - 1784 - 1807
This son was born on 8 August 1784 and died on 21 August 1807. No details of his short life were given in the Diary. But he was mentioned in a quote from a letter written in 1805 by his niece Elizabeth Myers. "My uncle, who was a Lieutenant in H.M. 78 Regiment (78th Highland Regiment of Foot) came round from Bombay on a visit to us. He was the relative of all others, next to my parents, I loved best. He was not above five years my senior, much attached to me; we were invited to several entertainments during his stay with us".
Frances Howard - 1786 - 1834
The Diary gives her birth date as 6 November 1786 and her death date as 2 July 1834. It also states that she married Captain John Welch.
Robert Howard - 1789 - 1831
This was the youngest child of Elizabeth (Mitford, Ayres) and William Howard. He was born on 28 April 1789 and died on 6 January 1831. He married Maria Wroughton and they had six children:
Elizabeth Emily Howard born 26 July 1809 and died 5 November 1823 at North Reston. Her gravestone is in the family plot at St. Ediths.
Charles Robert Howard born 8 July 1812.
Edward Frank Dickson Howard born 9 August 1813.
Maria Elliot Howard born 30 August 1815 and died in 1840.
Diana Margaret Howard born 2 December 1820.
I know that by leaving the main Jackson tree to look at the Howard and Butler (plus Candy and Harding) connections, I have made it difficult for readers to follow. But I firmly believe that a Family History should include marriages and "connections". Some future researcher might then develop new facts by knowing these relationships.
The Diary concludes the lives of Kitty and George Keith with dates of their deaths. George died on 22 July 1832 and the cause was cholera. Life for these British representing the mother country in the "colonies" was in many ways more than they might have expected at home. Servants handled most of the domestic chores. But infant mortality was high and diseases not found at home claimed many. Heat was something that they were not used to and may have been a factor in early mortality.
Mary (Howard) Jackson did not die in India. She had returned to England apparently about 1803. Her Diary states that she "left the (North Reston) Rectory 17 May after living there 21 years and seven months in 1831". This suggests that she and George did not purchase the manor house at North Reston when they first returned to England. She died on 27 March 1858 in London at the age of 71.
This narrative now moves into coverage of the nine children of George and Mary Jackson.
GEORGE JACKSON 1800-1868
The Diary provides the birth date of this eldest child as "George Jackson was born 9th September 1800 Monday 1 oclock noon". It further states that "he was inoculated in Calcutta and he had the measles in England 1807. Also he had scarlet fever".
We really dont know too much about life for the English in India for that period. The familys return to England may in some ways have been prompted by the fact that children were being born and there was concern over their health in the climate of the sub continent.
George probably went to Cambridge where he achieved a Master of Arts degree which was the basis for entering the clergy. I am not sure of where his earliest places of clerical duty took him. Burwell is a village quite near to North Reston in Lincolnshire and that was the home of his bride. From the birth places of his eldest daughters it is apparent that he served in Colsterworth, Lincolnshire for a period at least during the births of daughters from 1835 to 1842.
Lydia Boughton Lister was just 17 years old when she married 34 year old George Jackson on 27 January 1834. She was the daughter of Matthew Bancroft Lister and Sophia Brinton. Her father was listed as a Sheriff of Lincoln and he lived at Burwell Park which was probably the local manor house. I believe it was not unusual for daughters of landowners to marry clergymen.
George and Lydia had three daughters and one son. The boy was born in 1837 and died the next year. The daughters all lived to maturity;
Matilda Jackson - This eldest daughter was born in 1835 in Colsterworth. She did not marry and the only further reference to her was found in the 1881 census for Tiverton, Devon. She was at that time living in the household of her cousin Sophie Eleanor (Paddison) Fraser and shown as an "Annuitant". She died on 11 May 1904 according to GHJ.
Rosa Lydia Jackson - Born on 11 February 1842 in Colsterworth. Her marriage date is unknown but it probably took place in France. In the 1881 census for Stamford St. George, Lincolnshire she was found with her husband. She married Jacques D. Meyer a native of Alsace, Lorraine. They were living in lodgings with Jacques probably teaching since he showed himself as a Master of Foreign Languages. Rosa had graduated with a Bachelor of Arts from either Strasbourg or Paris, it is not clear which. I have no record of any children and since Rosa was 39 in 1881 it is unlikely that there were any.
Bertha Jackson - She was born in North Reston on 11 February 1844 exactly two years after her sister Rosa. She married a much older man if the information in the 1881 census for Topsham, Devon is accurate. Her husband was 65 year old Joseph Date, a retired Clerk of the Civil Services Board of Trade. Again there is no evidence of children.
The father of these girls, George, became the Vicar of North Reston in about 1828 which does not explain why his two eldest daughters, born in 1835 and 1842 showed their birth places as Colsterworth. Perhaps he held the livings of Colsterworth and Reston together for a number of years. His church, St. Edith, permitted his father to grant the "Living" to the Vicar of his choice. He was there in the 1851 census and in the 1861 census for North Reston where the complete family were shown as living at the Vicarage. Also present in 1861 was the cousin Caroline Paddison who we will meet again when we review the family of a younger Jackson.
George served St. Edith until his death on 25 July 1868. A plaque in the church states "Sacred to the memory of George Jackson M.A. more than 40 years vicar of North Reston and Rector of South Reston born 29 Sept. 1800 Died 25 July 1868. Eldest son of the late George Jackson Esq. of this place".
I do not have a death date for Lydia (Lister) Jackson.
William Jackson 1802 - 1838
What little we know of this son has come from the Diary. He was born on 7 September 1802 in Calcutta. On return to England he became a solicitor and returned to India to practice.
On 28 December 1826 he married Jane Ewing but the location of the marriage is not known. It may have been in England since the Diary states that Mary (Howard) Jackson was the godmother to the first child. The couple had six children but only two of them survived to maturity. The children were;
Mary Jane Jackson - born 6 January 1828. She married on 30 August 1856 to David Blizzard, a native of Larchfield, Ireland. They had two children in Ireland, Jackson Blizzard in 1866 and Francis Mary Blizzard in 1868. At some point after 1871 they emigrated to Canada. I found the family in the 1881 census for London, Ontario but did not pursue the family further.
William Jackson - born 22 September 1829. The Diary makes no further reference to this son.
The remaining four children died young.
John Ellerton William Jackson - born 2 August 1831, died in December 1832.
Robert Jackson - born 1833, died 1834.
Two unnamed infants, one in 1845 and another later.
The father, William also died when relatively young. The Diary has this entry, "My dear beloved William departed this life the 15th November 1838 aged 36 and 2 months and 8 days". He was buried in South Park Street Cemetery, Calcutta.
His wife Jane remarried. The Diary reported the event as "Mrs. William Jackson married to Major Jones the 3rd. November 1843."
John Jackson 1804 - 1887
This third son was born on 17 November 1804 but whether in India or England the record was not clear in the Diary. However, the 1881 census for Hove, Sussex says that he was born in Hackney, London. He was educated as a Doctor and served in the Bengal Medical Services. The 1881 census also states that he had retired from the Bengal Army in which he served as a Physician.
He is mentioned twice in the book "Daniel Corrie His Family and Friends". Once in 1834 where he and Daniel Corrie had a narrow escape from drowning while travelling In a Bholiah (semi covered rowing boat) to Ishipore. And again in 1855 when Mrs. Hannah Ellerton was living with John Jackson in Calcutta. He decided to go back to England to join his wife and family. She was very upset until she was offered accommodation in the Palace which she gladly accepted.
He married Maria Pattle on 17 January 1837. She was the daughter of James Pattle and Adeline De LEtang. James Pattle was apparently a character. One story describes him as "Jim Blazes, a drunkard and a liar" He and his wife had seven "beautiful" daughters all of whom married well. But his son in law John Jackson was unfortunately seen as the "poor cousin", as, although he was much loved as a physician, he was "socially inept". All the above quotes came from Nikki Vine.
A memorial plaque hangs in St. Johns Church, Calcutta to James and Adeline. It identifies James as of the Bengal Civil Service who died in Calcutta in September 1845. His wife Adeline must have then decided to return to England. The plaque states that she died "at sea" on the 14th. Nov: AD 1845."
Both John and Maria were still alive in 1881. It is interesting to note that Marias mother died at sea and in the 1881 census she shows herself as born "at sea". If her age in 1881 is correct she was born about 1819. They obviously were comfortable with six servants including a "Sick Nurse".
The children of this couple left some quite significant trails for a family historian to follow. There were four children, three girls and one boy, the latter dying quite young. Here are the children;
Adeline Maria Jackson 1837 -
Born on 14 November 1837 in India, she married Henry Halford Vaughan on 21 August 1856 in the parish church of Hendon, London. Henry was a Barrister and the son of John Vaughan who was a Kings Counselor and Justice in Her Majestys Court of Common Pleas. The couple settled in Hampstead.
Henry was 44 when he married; Adeline just 18. By 1881 when Henry had retired to Upton, Pembroke, Wales the couple had produced four daughters;
Augusta Vaughan 1861
Margaret Vaughan 1863
Millicent Vaughan 1867
Emma St. John Vaughan 1875
George Corrie Jackson 1838 - 1841
Born on 4 September 1839 but died in 1841. The Diary says his name was John Corrie but in the Bengal Obituary he is shown as George, according to David Morris who visited Bengal.
Mary Loo Jackson 1841 -
Born in December 1841. Her middle name may have been Louisa but the Diary used "Loo".
She married Herbert W. Fisher, probably about 1862 when she was 21 and he was 16 years her senior. He was born in Wiltshire according to the 1881 census for Hove, Sussex. They lived most of their married life in London. Herbert was shown in the 1881 census as "Vice .... Of the ..." which leaves us no further ahead as to his profession. I will not list their four sons and four daughters since they are already available in the 1881 census noted above. The last three were born in villages in Sussex which may be a clue as to the affairs of the father.
I have not followed the fortunes of these children except for Adeline. She married Ralph Vaughan Williams, arguably one of the finest composers in English music. He was born in 1872 in Down Ampney, Gloucester and was found with his grandmother, widowed mother and sister in the 1881 census for Wotton, Surrey. At that time he was listed by the surname Williams but history knows him as Vaughan Williams. I do not know when Adeline and Ralph married or whether they had any children. It would be interesting to know if Ralphs mother was related to Adelines father, thus explaining the use of Vaughan as part of the surname.
To continue the genealogical indulgence of finding famous connections in spite of their actual distance from the "blood" line. They show that Ralph Vaughan Williams was himself a descendant of the sister of Charles Darwin. From the records enclosed it would appear that the Darwin and Wedgwood families inter married extensively!!
Julia Princep Jackson 1846 - 1895
At the wedding of her mother and father (see the registration form noted above) one of the witnesses was H.W Princep which probably explains her second forename. She was born on 2 February 1846. And she was the second of the daughters who married into notables and whose daughter became a household name in the field of the arts.
Julia first married Herbert Duckworth by whom she had two children;
Stella Duckworth 1870
Gerald Duckworth 1871
Julia then married Leslie Stephen. He was a very well to do gentleman who also was given a K.C.B. His father, Sir James Stephen was Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies and with William Wilberforce played a role in the campaign to abolish slavery.
Sir Leslie had been ordained and was a college tutor at Cambridge. Later he became editor of Cornhill Magazine until 1871 then editor of the Dictionary of National Biography. His first wife was the daughter of William Makepiece Thackeray. Thus we associate the Jackson family with as many notables as possible, albeit vicariously!!
The 1881 census for Kensington shows the combined family of Leslie and Julia. She could not have waited too long after the loss of her first husband to remarry since her eldest child by Leslie Stephen is listed with the same age as her youngest child by Mr. Duckworth. In 1881 there were three Stephen children. Two more were born after 1881.
The Stephen children were:
Laura M. Stephen 1871
Vanessa Stephen 1879
Julian T. Stephen 1880
Adeline Virginia Stephen 1882
Adrian Stephen 188?
I have not followed the lives of all these seven children. But a family historian cannot resist noting the names of those few who become famous (or infamous) for whatever reason. Three of the Stephen children were members of the discussion group known as The Bloomsbury Group. I have attached two pages from the autobiography of Leonard Woolf "Beginning Again" the Hogarth Press, London 1972. Most readers will recognize that Leonard Woolf married (Adeline) Virginia Stephen and she was known internationally as Virginia Woolf.
Those pages also tell us that her sister Vanessa married Clive Bell and her brother Adrian married Karin Costello. I believe that Adrian was subsequently knighted. Also attached is a family photo which provides one of the very few pictures of any of the Jackson clan. Julia Princep Jackson is sitting with her husband and four of her children. Julia died in 1895, Sir Leslie in 1904 according to Leonard Woolf.
Because of her literary achievements Virginia is well known and we also know that she committed suicide by drowning in 1941.
Mary Elizabeth Jackson 1806 -
We return now to the fourth child and eldest daughter of George Jackson and Mary Howard. She was born on 25 July 1806, probably in London. But her later life has posed the greatest enigma for those of us reseaching the Jackson lineage.
There is no doubt that she married Thomas Fernandez Clarke on 18 October 1827. The Diary confirms that event. And the IGI supports the Diary (to some extent) in the birth of their four children. The children named in the Diary are;
Thomas Fernandez Clarke born 17 August 1828
King Clarke born 21 August 1830
Edward Jackson Clarke born 19 July 1831
Henry Clarke born 17 June 1833 and died four hours later.
Thomas, the father of these children, died as recorded by the Diary; "T.F. Clarke my son in law died at Lambeth 29 March 1834 aged 32".
And now comes the enigma! A few years after the death of T.F. Clarke we then have a number of births being shown in the IGI with the parents named as James Fernandez Clarke and his wife Mary Elizabeth. The immediate assumption was that Mary Elizabeth married her first husbands younger brother. The Marriage Act of 1835 forbade marriage between a man and the widow of his deceased brother. If Mary Elizabeth did marry her late husbands brother she did so just before that ceremony was banned.
But the immediate question then is why did not Mary Howard Jackson mention this marriage in her Diary. There is also no mention of the ensuing children in the Diary. But there was also some strong evidence that she was indeed the widow of Thomas. Her first son was given the second forename of "Howard". Her second son was given the forenames "George Monat Keith". These are Jackson names as were some of those given to the daughters; Mary Jane, Charlotte, Elizabeth and Hannah Maria. There may be other reasons why the Diary did not contain the second marriage and the children. Mary Howard Jackson may have lost touch with her daughter or may have been displeased with the marriage and chose to ignore it.
The enigma was resolved with the birth registration of Eleanor Clarke. The recording clerk was thorough and in addition to the birth date of 21 June 1840 he showed the mother as "Mary Elizabeth Clarke, late Clarke, formerly Jackson". The father was shown as James Fernandez Clarke, a Surgeon. And since the child was registered at Louth whereas the family lived in Westminster, it is apparent that Mary Elizabeth was on sufficiently good terms with her mother as to visit her during the birth of her child.
Of the first three children of her first marriage who apparently survived infancy I have been able to trace just the eldest. Thomas Fernandez Clarke, born 17 August 1828 married Hannah Palmer on the 19 October 1854 in St. George, Hanover Square, London. She was the daughter of John Palmer and lived in Letcombe Regis, Buckinghamshire, at the time of marriage.
The Jackson family lore has the elder Thomas Fernandez Clarke as a Physician and Editor of Lancet, the internationally recognized journal of the medical profession. That magazine was founded in 1823 by a surgeon named Thomas Wakley. His successors were named Cobbet, Wardrop, Lawrence and Hasall. So our conclusion is that either T.F. Clarke senior or junior or both, contributed to the Lancet but were not the Editor.
When T.F. Clarke junior married Hannah in 1854 he did not show himself as a Physician. Under the heading "Rank or profession" are two initials which appear to be "N Y". He shows his father as a "Gentleman". The family lore lists one source as "Bucklands Dictionary of Indian Biography" and lends some credence to the belief that they were medical men although why they would be listed as such in an Indian source creates its own mystery. Further confirmation comes from the source The National Biography which states for James Fernandez Clarke born 1812 in Olney, Bucks. "For thirty years he was in the service of The Lancet but at the same time carried on a labourious practice in Gerard Street". Nikki Vine quotes another Biographical Dictionary which says that James Fernandez Clarke was born in 1812 in Olney, was an editor for thirty years with Lancet and that he died on 6 July 1875.
One step in resolving the question as to whether Mary Elizabeth married the brother of her first husband was to trace the births of these two men. Nikki Vine found the following;
John Lewis Fernandez married Elizabeth Clarke 28 November 1810 in Olney. Also in Olney:
Children born to John Clarke and Eliza (?) in Olney & North Crawley;
Thomas c. 3/6/1804
Phillis c. 3/10/1805
Hannah c. 25/3/1807
John c. 5/2/1809
James c. 5/4/1812
The assumption then would be that Elizabeth who married John L. Fernandez was a sister to John Clarke. The Diary said that T.F. Clarke was born in 1802, not 1804. But such small discrepancies can often be discounted. The adoption of the second surname "Fernandez" was not uncommon, particularly where an uncle such as John. L. Fernandez may have been a man of means.
Having established that Mary Elizabeth did marry both the Clarke brothers, the children from this second marriage were;
James Howard Clarke christened 12 February 1837 at St. Mary, Lambeth, London. He married someone with the forename of Esther. One of his children was
James Fernandez Howard Clarke born 7 May 1863. He had a son named James Fernandez Howard Clarke (junior) on 21 June 1887. Nikki Vine reports that he was garroted in London!! He married Winifred Rusk. They had a son in 1920 named James Fernandez Milford Howard Clarke. That son was killed at El Alamein in 1942. There was a daughter of J.F.H.C. snr. named Violet Mary Howard Clarke born 3 October 1884. She married Stanley Edward Vine. Their son was John Stanley Howard Vine, the father of Nikki Vine who has contributed much to this family history.
George Monat Keith Clarke christened 31 October 1838 in Saint James, Westminster. He was a Physician.
In the 1911 letters GHJ addresed one to George M.K. Clarke at 25 Gerrard Street, London. On a long shot I wondered if he had lived at that same address in the 1891 census, 20 years earlier. The hunch payed off as shown in the 1891 census for London. George was a Widower at age 52 with two unmarried daughters and a son at home.
The two daughters, Mary Jane and Eleanor, were born in New Zealand. The son, George junior, was born in London and was a Student in Medicine.
From this it was evident that the family had returned from New Zealand by 1881 so I was then able to find all four of Georges children at a small school in Hougham, Kent in 1881. The children were:
Mary Jane Clarke She was born circa 1865.
Elizabeth Clarke born circa 1867
Eleanor Clarke born circa 1869
George Clarke born about 1874
GHJs list of 1911 addressees included #7 which went to the Mrss Wale, Brough and Tabb. I concluded that they might be the three married daughters of George. Further research poved this to be correct.
Mary Jane married John Sleeman Tabb in Westminster in the 4th quarter of 1895. Because of his second forename it was easy to find him in the 1881 census for Padstow, Cornwall where he and his widowed father and two brothers were Boarders at the home of John Sleeman. Mary Janes husband was shown as a "Dispenser", a trade with which I am not acquainted.
Elizabeth appears to have married James Tosh Brough at Hendon in the 4th quarter 1887. The lack of certainty here is because his registration number was 3a 251 while hers was 3a 253. He was probaly the son of John Brough and Mary Tosh of Dundee and he was baptised in that city on 4 September 1860.
As with the marrige of Elizabeth there is not certainty with the marriage of Eleanor. There is a marriage for Eleanor Clarke to Charles John Wale in Bromley in 4th quarter 1893. Once again the registration numbers are not exact; hers are 2a 715 and his are 2a 725. If this is accurate, then he is found in the 1881 census for Tooting Graveney, Surrey. Charles was a Brewers Engineer Apprentice. His older brother was a medical student and that may have been the connection with the Clarke family.
The fourth child of the elder George M.K. Clarke was his son, George junior. In the 1891 census he was a medical student. He appears to have gone on to a practice with his father at 25 Gerrard Street.
This narrative now returns to the remaing children of the second marriage of Mary Elizabeth Jackson to James Fernandez Clarke. The daughters had forenames that were repeated in the next generation which I have shown above. They were:
Eleanor Clarke. She was born on 21 June 1840 in Louth.
Mary Jane Clarke christened about June 1842 in Saint Anne, Soho.
Charlotte Clarke Christened April 1844.
Hannah Maria Clarke Christened July 1844.
Elizabeth Clarke. Her name is found in Bucklands Dictionary of Indian Biography.
I have no records for the lives of these girls who may have survived infancy.
This completes the coverage of the descendants of Mary Elizabeth Jackson. The narrative will now return to the remaining children of George Jackson and Mary Howard.
Charlotte Jackson 1808 -
The Diary states that she was born 29 February, "Friday evening at 6 oclock". It adds that she married Richard Paddison on 28 February 1825.
I know from correspondence that the Paddison family were also from Lincolnshire. A number of them were Barristers or Solicitors.
Charlotte and Richard had seven known children according to the Diary. Where possible I have found some of them in the 1881 census.
George Paddison was born 2 November 1825. His marriage was entered in the Diary as "George Paddison married to Miss Mary Ann at Liverpool June 22nd 1852". He was not found in 1881 census and the Diary says that he died in Chile.
Robert Charles Paddison was born on 30 October 1826. Other than a Diary entry stating that he died in U.S.A., there is nothing I can add to his history. If he was addressed as "Charles", the Diary does say "Charles Paddison left England August 1842".
Mary Ann Paddison, born on 6 June 1828. The Diary says she died on 2 February 1841.
Richard William Paddison was born on 1 December 1829. He died on 1 January 1841, just one month before his sister Mary Ann!!
Howard Paddison was born on 28 October 1833. He was found in the 1881 census for Hampton, London where he was a Solicitor. In that source his wife is shown as Mary, born in Hampton. They probably married 1865. The one child is daughter Mary E. Paddison, born about 1866. They also had a visitor, Hellenor Paddison, an aunt, who was probably a sister to Richard Paddison, father of Howard.
Sophia Eleanor Paddison born 20 October 1835. She married James Denholme Fraser, a Scot born about 1819. The 1881 census for Tiverton, Devon gives some clues as to this family. James is a retired "Provost Marshall", but I am not clear as to what that means.
They obviously spent some years in British Guiana since the three children were all born there. The children are;
Stuart H. Fraser born about 1865
Charlotte G.H.D. Fraser born about 1866
Howard A.D. Fraser born about 1868. Readers will note again the continued use of the forename Howard in so many generations. I suspect that both Stuart and Charlotte also carried Howard as a second forename.
Sophies mother Charlotte (Jackson) Paddison is also in the household as I noted earlier.
Caroline Edith Paddison born 9 May 1843 and eight years after Sophie. She did not marry and is another resident in the household of James Fraser. She apparently was killed in a railway accident in 1887. I do not have any details of that event.
Hannah Maria Jackson 1810 - 1834
The Diary gives her birth date as 9 April 1810. It also says that she was "confirmed" in Louth in July 1825. This follows with her marriage to "Lieutenant" Thomas Candy on 30 September 1831 but unfortunately with no location given.
One section of the Diary lists the comings and goings of Marys relatives. An entry says "Parted with Hannah, Thos. Candy 4 June 1832". I suspect that this meant that the Candys were returning to India. In any case, Hannah did not have many years left. The Diary gave the following "My beloved Hannah Maria Candy departed her heavenly soul into the hands of her God the 24th November 1834 aged 24 years and 7 months". Apparently there were no children.
It is not the first time that we have met the Candy family. One of the Butler daughters married Francis Candy in 1825. In the Chart Section is a Descendancy Chart of the first two generations of the Candy family. Readers will note that Thomas Candy married again in 1838 to Caroline Boyce.
Howard Jackson 1812 - 1888
Howard Jackson is the direct line to my wife Wendy Howard (Wood) Darlington and I will leave him and his descendants until I have completed the remainder of his siblings.
Edward D. Jackson 1814 -
He was born on 8 June 1814. The Diary notes his marriage to Sophia Frances Marris on 17 November 1836. It also gives her birth date as 9 November 1806.
The couple had three children according to the Diary;
Sophia Frances Jackson born 15 August 1837 but died 22 April 1838.
Edward Howard Jackson born 8 April 1841.
Mary Ann Frances Jackson born 22 May 1844.
There is family lore which states that the father, Edward D. Jackson, was the first Mayor of Ballarat, Australia. I have corresponded with researchers in that city and they could not find any support for that story.
The Diary does gives credence to the fact that Edward and Sophia did emigrate to Australia. One entry states "Mrs. Edward Jackson departed this life 22 April 1853 in Australia".
I have not been able to trace any of the children or to confirm any details of this branch of the family except that which I have quoted from the Diary.
Caroline Emma Jackson 1816 -
This is the youngest of the nine children of George Jackson and Mary Howard. She was born on 29 August 1816.
The Diary recorded her marriage as "Revd. R. Daniell married to Caroline Emma Jackson the 26th June 1845, Thursday by her brother George and Howard gave her away". Mr. Daniell was Raymond Samuel whose brief family chart is in the Chart Section.
The Diary also recorded the birth of Carolines two children. The first was
Raymond Henry Mitford Daniell born 10 December 1851. The growth of his teeth at five and eight months was duly listed but we have no knowledge of his life or death.
The second child was Mary Alice Daniell born 13 May 1854. We will meet her again when she marries her cousin, a Jackson and son of Howard, her mothers brother.
The Daniell family was found in the 1881 census for Hackney, London where Raymond was a Clerk in Holy Orders. I do not know when Raymond and Caroline passed away.
Howard Jackson 1812 - 1888
Earlier I noted that this son is the main line to my wife. He is, as were many of this family, an interesting individual for a family researcher. Although he was the fourth of five sons he was the one who became the land owner at North Reston. His eldest brother George was the vicar of St. Ediths Church which was adjacent to the Manor House. The next brother died in India and the third son served in India in the medical service.
When Wendy and I visited North Reston in 1993 we noted the many plaques on the walls of St. Edith. Near the altar was one which identified Howard as follows, "In loving memory Howard Jackson H.E.I.C. late lord of this manor who died April 11 1888 aged 76 years, Sleep after toil". Others referred to "Captain Howard Jackson".
The Diary recorded his birth date as 21 September 1812 and he was probably born at North Reston. It further records that he was christened on 15 December 1812 in North Reston with Captain Welsh as one of his Godfathers.
The evidence is that he entered the service of the Honourable East India Company as a Midshipman in the Spring of 1826 when he was 14 years old. The Diary states "Howard left us 26 April 1826 and arrived here in May 1827." While in London I found his Statement of Service which shows that he was Entered as Midshipman 16 May 1826 and sailed on the Marchioness of Ely.
I must rely on some speculation to piece together the continuing evidence of his career. The second entry on his Statement of Service shows him again as a Midshipman sailing outward on the Company ship Dunir-- (name partially obscured by ink). The Diary confirms that he left his Mother in December 1827 and sailed in January 1828. The Statement of Service then says that he left the service in March 1829, presumably after his second trip to the far east.
But there are continuing Diary entries indicating that he continued to sail, perhaps in a rank higher than Midshipman. He left North Reston again in July 1829 and May 1831 arriving home in February 1832. He left again in January 1833. He came home in June 1835 and left soon after in July 1835 after "only six days in Louth" according to the Diary. She parted with him again in March 1837 and he sailed in July 1837.
In April 1837 he signed the Statement of Service to the effect "That, I had not, previously to August 1833, quitted the Maritime Service of the Company for the purpose of either retiring from it, or of following any other pursuit, and that if the Company had gone on trading with the Public, it was my intention to follow the Maritime profession in that Service".
What are we to make of this document? It would appear that he had been actively engaged with the Company from 1826 through until 1837. Why then did the Company obtain his signature on this Statement? What rank had he achieved?
On the Birth Registration of one of his daughters (Susan Rose) his occupation is listed as "Formerly Captain East India Service. I believe that he did continue in Service with H.E.I.C. until about 1837. At that time his eldest brother George was the Vicar of St. Edith, brother John was a Doctor in India and in 1838 brother William died. So it would have been natural for him to take over as the operator of the family lands at North Reston.
On 3 September 1844 he married Hannah Catherine Medley, the widow of John William Medley. She had been born Catherine Hannah Keith and was his cousin. She was the daughter of Kitty Howard who married Sir George Monat Keith. There were two children from the marriage of Howard and Hannah but both died in infancy and may have contributed to the early death of Hannah who passed away on 23 April 1848.
Howard did not wait too long to take a second wife. On 25 October 1848 he married Susan Palmer in Saint James Church, Westminster. She was the daughter of Henry Palmer, a "Tradesman" of Haymarket, London. Susan was born in 1829 and was 17 years his junior. They had nine children whose lives I will later present to the degree that is known.
I did not copy the census returns for 1841 and 1851 for Howard and Susan. Those for 1861, 1871 and 1881 I did copy. They confirm that he was born in North Reston. In the 1881 version he shows that he was a "Poor Law Guardian", a title whose meaning escapes me.
Earlier in this narrative I noted the Indenture document. The Schedule of Deeds in that document showed that George Jackson (junior) was the Heir at Law of the estate after his father died in 1823. In 1825 there was a "Lease and Release" executed which may have arranged for mother Mary to continue to live in the manor house. She did so until 1831. When she died in 1858 Howard then became the purchaser. The 1859 Indenture is quite confusing in that most of the arcane language used refers to the provision of documents to Howards brother George. It seems to be an outright purchase of all the buildings and lands but leaving George with all the rights to the church of St. Edith.
It appears that Howard remained in North Reston until almost the end of his life. He was there in 1881 as the census return confirms. His Will left everything to his wife Susan but was of such small substance that he must have arranged for the bulk of his estate to have been hers prior to his death. He died in Kensington on 14 April 1888.
The children of Howard and Susan (Palmer) Jackson follow:
George Elwes Corrie Jackson
Born on 10 August 1849 he entered the medical profession and eventually was granted the honour of Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons. He married Anne Williams on 2 May 1872. She was born in London in 1846. Her father was George Williams, a Commercial Traveler.
George and his family were in the 1881 census for Westminster. George died on 1 July 1894. His wife Anne survived until 14 August 1937.
They had two sons George Howard Jackson born on 2 May 1874. He was the Jackson who in 1911 on return from India contacted numerous descendants of his grandfather George Jackson. I have attached a copy of his original letter along with a typewritten version. David Morris examined his Will at Somerset House. Apparently he was a Captain in the Royal Engineers and may have served in India. It is not likely that he married since he left his estate to his brother Harold. His contribution to the family history was enormous as a result of his 1911 letters to the many descendants. He died on 18 September 1931.
The second son was Harold Edward Jackson. Because of his brothers will mentioned above we know that he was a Commander in the Royal Naval Reserve. That element of the Royal Navy consisted of officers in the Merchant Service who also held naval commissions and were called on when wars required their service. His brother George was shown as living at the Coast Guard Station in 1926 and I suspect that Harold was an officer in that service. I could not find his name in the 1927 Navy List so he may have been retired by then.
Nikki Vine has contacted a descendant who provided some details of his family. Harold was born on 2 September 1876 in Westminster. He married Helen and they had two sons, Peter Jackson born about 1900 and Paul Corrie Jackson. The latter son married Margaret and they had two daughters, Caroline and Susannah.
William Howard Jackson
He was probably born in 1851 but there is no mention of his birth in the Diary. He married twice. His first wife was Elizabeth Sally but it is not clear whether Sally was a surname or a second forename. She was buried in the family plot in St. Ediths at North Reston. Wendy wrote down the inscription on her gravestone which reads "Sacred to the memory of Elizabeth Sally the beloved wife of Howard Jackson of this parish. She died at Leyton, Essex 6 April 1887 aged 38 years."
The second wife was Mary Alice Daniell. She was a first cousin to William. Her mother was Caroline Emma (Jackson) Daniell. I do not know the date of this marriage or whether there were any children by either marriage.
Henry Forman Jackson
His birth registration gives a date of 6 August 1852. There is no record of his life after that. He may have died in infancy.
James Edward Jackson
He was born on 18 June 1854 and died on 10 May 1865. This information appears to have come from the responses to the letter of GHJ.
John Hampden Jackson
He was born in 1856 and studied for the ministry at Oxford. An extract from the Oxford "Alumni Oxoniensis" shows that he graduated from Lincoln College in 1875 with a BA and became Vicar of North Reston in 1882 when Albert Wood vacated that position. He remained the vicar there until he died on 30 October 1941.
The 1891 census for North Reston shows the family living at The Vicarage. I had expected in that same census to find the contemporary occupants of the Manor House but they were not identified as such.
He married Rose Gordon Fitzgerald probably about 1885. In the 1881 census for Framington Pigot, Norfolk Rose is found with her family. Her father was a retired Major of Royal Artillery who had obviously served in India and was born there. His first four children, of whom Rose was the eldest, had all been born in Darjeeling. The children of John and Rose were:
Gerald Howard Jackson born 23 May 1886. David Morris notes that he had two sons but we know nothing else.
George Gordon Jackson a twin born on 16 February 1890. No other data on his life is held.
Tudor Jackson, the other twin. He apparently married and had two children, Ronald and Sheila.
Mary Louisa Howard Jackson
She as born circa 1858. The 1871 census for North Reston (noted earlier) said that she was 12 years old in April of that year and was the first of the Jackson children born in Kensington, London. And we have already established that 1858 was the year that Howard Jackson, her father, purchased the estates of North Reston and took full occupancy.
She married Edward Augustus Keller on 26 July 1877 in St. Ediths Church next door to her home. The marriage produced five known Keller children: May, Rose, Marguerite, Dorothy and Edward. There were numerous descendants who have been identified by David Morris. I have added his record of them
The Keller family were prosperous jewelry merchants from Oberstamp, Germany. They probably emigrated to England about 1860 since their 19 year old daughter gave her birth place as Hornsey, London in the 1881 census. The family had three maids, a nurse, a cook and a coachman.
Also in the 1881 census for Kensington was son Edward and his wife Mary who had their first two children. David Morris named the eldest born 1879 as May whereas the census gave the name Emilie. Edward had obviously set up business as a Jeweler on his own. The second child born 1880 was Rose Marion.
Catherine Hannah Howard Jackson
She was born on 15 July 1860 and was known as Great Aunt Kate. She apparently did not marry.
Susan Rose Jackson
She is the grandmother to my wife Wendy and as such will be dealt with at the end of the coverage of her siblings.
Alfred Howard Jackson
He was born on 7 June 1867. The family records show that he lived in South Coorg, India so I rely on David Morris account of his family. That data presumably comes from the 1911 letter and responses which were originated by GHJ.
Alfred married Christine Hamilton, probably about 1886. I found her in the 1881 census for Hampstead, London. She was born about 1864 in Queensland, Australia, the daughter of Thomas, a Scottish Colonial Merchant.
Alfred and Christine had six children starting in 1887. They were:
Howard born 1887 and died on 28 June 1928.
Alan Howard born 1890 and died on 18 April 1974. H attained the rank of Group Captain in the Royal Air Force. He had one identified son named Jeffery who had a daughter named Carla.
Cyril Robert Howard born 1898. He was killed in the late stages of WWI while flying as a Lieutenant in the Royal Air Force. He was buried in a Commonwealth War Grave near Adige in north east Italy. The registration states that his father lived on Dubarry Estate "Pollibetta" Coorg, India.
Violet who married someone named Nash. They had son Leslie who in turn married and had children named Kristina and Tharrun suggesting a Nordic surname. They also had sons John and Alan, the latter having had two sons named Jonathon and Howard.
Lorna who is reputed to have lived in South Africa.
Mabel who died in 1925 unmarried.
This last child of Howard and Susan was born on 13 June 1869. In the 1881 census for a Lincoln city boys school he was one of the students. The only other data on him is that he lived in South Coorg, India.
The narrative now returns to the life of Susan Rose Jackson - the direct line to my wife Wendy.
Susan Roses birth registration gives a birth date of 20 January 1865 although David Morris records showed February of that year. She was born at the family home in North Reston.
The Vicar at St. Ediths Church on her fathers estate had for many years been the eldest brother of her father, George Jackson. When George died in 1868 another Vicar was assigned and then in 1874 Albert Wood became the rector and held the post until 1883.
The Wood family lived in the rectory at South Reston and consisted of three sons and three daughters. The Jackson and Wood children would have been very much part of each others lives. From this proximity it is not surprising that an attraction grew between Francis Harold Conrad Stanley Wood born on 22 March 1866 and Susan Rose born in 1865.
They married on 18 June 1891 but I am not sure at what locale. Francis Wood and his descendants belong in a separate Family History and it would be duplication to include them all here. Suffice to say that Francis and Susan had three children; Wilfred Conrad Stanley, Eric Albert Howard, and Irene Maud Kathleen.
Wilfred was born in 1893, became a Doctor who served in the Royal Army Medical Corps in WWI and was at the disastrous campaign at Gallipoli. He married Dorothy Forster and their one child was Michael Revelly Norton Wood, born on 18 May 1926 but did not marry. Wilfred settled in the Maidenhead area of Berkshire where he died in March 1942.
Eric was born on 24 June 1895 in London. He served in the Royal Army Service Corps in France in WWI and in the Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps in WWII. For his latter service he was awarded the British Empire Medal. He married Lilian Mary Sharps on 25 July 1925 in Clevedon, Somerset. They had Pamela Angell Wood in England in 1928 then emigrated to Victoria, Canada where my wife Wendy Howard Wood was born in 1931. Other Family Histories covering the connecting families of Sharps, Wood and Darlington have also been written by me.
Eric died in Victoria B.C. in 1971 and Lilian died in that same city in 1973.
Irene was born on 25 August 1898 and married Frank Mosedale Morris on 9 October 1926. They had David Stanley and Susan Margaret. Irene died on 7 February 1992 in London.
Francis Wood died on 3 December 1944. His wife Susan Rose passed away on 15 December 1932. I attach the 1881 census for South Reston to show the family at that time. The oldest son Herbert was in India at that time.
A Family History is never finished and so the current version is simply "a work in progress". From a "cobbler" in a small town in Lincolnshire, to a sea Captain in India, to marriages among the clergy, the medical professionals, the legal professionals and to some well known figures in the world of arts. It is an impressive legacy. It was a journey that not very many tradesmen could travel in England where birth counted.
There are many more details and stories that I have not captured. Many of the Jackson clan remained in India but I do not know whether they were planters, military or civil service or something else. One example of unsolved but interesting stories relates to one of the relics of George Jackson the sea captain. GHJ listed these relics in 1911 and Item 6 was "a sword once owned by William Jackson who fell at Seringapatam". That 1799 battle was one of the more important fought in India by the British. Wellesley, later Duke of Wellington was one of the leaders. We can only speculate as to whether William (b. 1747) and brother of George, was the owner of that sword.
Howard Jackson was known as a Captain of the Honourable East India Company but I have no records of his commands or periods of service. It seems certain that Howard traded in opium. David has two letters written to Howard by his mother while he was in Macao, China, The letters are dated in 1839 and 1841 and seem to confirm that fact. (I have not seen the letters so am working on Davids explanation).
England is probably full of descendants of the many lines but other than cousin David Morris I am in contact with just one of them, Nikki Vine.
PHOTOs HELD BY ROB DARLINGTON
Page 1 - Howard Jackson 1812-1888.This is a small portrait photograph on glass, hand tinted and framed by J. Wiley, Louth.
Page 2 - Susan Rose Wood, nee Jackson 1865-1932.
Page 3 - Susan Rose Wood when older.
Page 4 - St. Ediths Church and Jackson tombstones.
Page 5 - Exterior and interior photos of St. Ediths. Small plaque is for George Elwes Corrie Jackson and George Howard Jackson.
| Home | Family Tree | EMAIL |